Transverse Flute in d after Grenser
a = 415 Hz, Four joints, Boxwood, Ivory mounts
Other woods used are grenadilla or ebony on request
Carl Augustin Grenser, 1720-1807, Dresden
Mark: (Saxons swords, crossed), A. GRENSER/ Dresden
In 1753 he receives the ‘Praedicat’ (privilege)
as Hof-Musicalischer Instrumentenmacher“
The original is owned by Nikolaus Harnoncourt and has 7 exchangeable centerpieces
and is furnished with a ‘Stimmzug’ (register-foot). The pitches
are between ca. 392 and 435 Hz. It is obvious that the flute is designed
for pitches between 410 and 420 Hz.
Originally in possession of Friedrich II. of Prussia (1712-1786), the
flute was supposed to have been a gift to an Austrian general after having
won the Silesian wars (1742-1749).
As Grenser didn’t mark his instruments with the swords until he
became „ Hof-Musicalischer Instrumentenmacher“, this flute
could have been ordered by Friedrich at the earliest in 1753.
Thus it appears that the flute would have arrived in Austria only some
years after the war.
Nikoaus Harnoncourt discovered this flute in the second half of the twentieth
century. The flute was not used until Leopold Stastny played it in numerous
concerts and recordings with the Concentus Musicus.
Apparently the embouchure of the original had been slightly modified.
Therefore I made a complete copy of the instrument for Stastny, as well
as a new head-joint for the original flute. For the reconstruction of
the embouchure I checked several reference instruments in the Gemeentemuseum
Den Haag. Stastny played the original flute with the head-joint I had
built until he retired.